Missi Roti is a traditional Indian flatbread that is made with a combination of wheat flour, gram flour (besan), and a blend of aromatic spices. Punjab and Rajasthan love it for its flavor and nutrition. Here’s a basic Missi Roti recipe.
To prepare Missi Roti, you will need the following ingredients:
- Whole wheat flour – 1 cup
- Gram flour (besan) – 1/2 cup
- Finely chopped onion – 1/2 cup
- Finely chopped coriander leaves – 1/4 cup
- Finely chopped green chilies – 2
- Finely grated ginger – 1 teaspoon
- Cumin seeds – 1 teaspoon
- Carom seeds (ajwain) – 1/2 teaspoon
- Turmeric powder – 1/2 teaspoon
- Red chili powder – 1/2 teaspoon
- Garam masala – 1/2 teaspoon
- Salt – to taste
- Ghee or oil – for cooking
Step-by-Step Preparation Process
- Mix whole wheat flour, gram flour, chopped onion, coriander leaves, green chilies, grated ginger, cumin seeds, carom seeds, turmeric powder, red chili powder, garam masala, and salt in a bowl. Blend everything.
- Add water slowly and knead into a soft dough. Water as needed. Let the dough rest for 15-20 minutes to mix flavors.
Roll a little amount of dough into balls.
- Flour some dough. Make a circle using a rolling pin. It’s usually medium-thick.
- Heat a tawa or griddle on medium heat. Place the rolled Missi Roti on the tawa and cook it for a minute or until small bubbles start to appear on the surface.
- Flip the roti and spread a little ghee or oil on the cooked side. Cook for another minute.
- Flip it again and apply ghee or oil on the other side as well. Press the roti gently with a spatula to ensure it cooks evenly.
- Cook until both sides are golden brown and well cooked.
- Repeat the process for the remaining dough portions, rolling and cooking each Missi Roti individually.
- Serve the hot and freshly cooked Missi Roti with a side of yogurt, pickle, or any curry of your choice.
- Missi Roti pairs well with a variety of Indian dishes such as dal, paneer curry, or any vegetable curry.
- You can enjoy it with a dollop of butter or ghee for added richness.
- Serve it with a side of raita (yogurt-based side dish) or pickles for a complete meal.
Tips and Variations
- Add finely chopped spinach or fenugreek leaves (methi) to the dough for taste and texture.
- Replace wheat flour with gluten-free flour like millet or sorghum.
- Increase or decrease green chiles and spices to taste.
- Adding a pinch of chili flakes or finely chopped green chilies to the dough makes Missi Roti hotter.
Missi Roti is a delicious and wholesome Indian flatbread that offers a delightful blend of flavors and textures. With its combination of wheat flour, gram flour, and aromatic spices, it makes for a satisfying accompaniment to various Indian meals. Prepare this simple and flavorful Missi Roti recipe at home and enjoy it with your favorite curries or condiments.
Q1. Can I make Missi Roti without gram flour (besan)?
A. While besan is a key ingredient in Missi Roti, you can make variations of this recipe by replacing besan with other flour like maize flour (makki ka atta) or millet flour. The taste and texture will differ slightly, but you can still enjoy a flavorful flatbread.
Q2. Can I make Missi Roti ahead of time and reheat it later?
A. Yes, you can make Missi Roti in advance and reheat it when needed. After cooking, let the rotis cool completely and store them in an airtight container. When you’re ready to eat, reheat them on a tawa (griddle) or in a microwave, and they will still be delicious.
Q3. Can I freeze Missi Roti?
A. Yes, you can freeze Missi Roti for later use. After cooking, allow the rotis to cool down completely. Then stack them with parchment paper or plastic wrap in between to prevent sticking. Place the stack in a freezer-safe bag or container and freeze. Thaw the rotis at room temperature and reheat as needed.
Q4. Can I make Missi Roti without using a rolling pin?
A. If you don’t have a rolling pin, you can still make Missi Roti. Take a small portion of the dough, flatten it with your hands into a small disc, and then press and shape it gently using your palms. You can also use a flat-bottomed heavy utensil to flatten the dough into a round shape.
Q5. What can I serve with Missi Roti?
A. Missi Roti pairs well with a variety of dishes. You can serve it with yogurt, pickle, or any Indian curry such as dal, paneer curry, or vegetable curry. It also complements a side of raita (yogurt-based side dish) or pickles for a complete and satisfying meal.
Q6. Can I make Missi Roti gluten-free?
A. Yes, you can make gluten-free Missi Roti by using gluten-free flour like almond flour, chickpea flour, or a gluten-free all-purpose flour blend instead of wheat flour. Ensure that the other ingredients you use are also gluten-free to maintain the integrity of the recipe.
Q7. Can I make Missi Roti without onions and garlic?
A. Yes, if you prefer to make Missi Roti without onions and garlic, you can omit them from the recipe. You can still enjoy the flavors of the spices and other ingredients. You may consider adding alternative ingredients like grated carrots or finely chopped spinach to enhance the taste.
Q8. Can I make Missi Roti with a different spice blend?
A. Absolutely! Feel free to experiment with different spice blends to customize the flavors of your Missi Roti. You can add spices like coriander powder, fennel seeds, or even a pinch of asafoetida (hing) for an additional flavor profile. Adjust the quantities based on your taste preferences.
Q9. Can I make Missi Roti without oil or ghee?
A. While oil or ghee adds flavor and helps in the cooking process, you can make a healthier version of Missi Roti by reducing the amount of oil or ghee used. You can brush the rotis with a minimal amount of oil or ghee, or cook them on a non-stick pan with no added fat.
Q10. Can I make Missi Roti using a gluten-free substitute for gram flour (besan)?
A. If you require a gluten-free alternative to gram flour (besan), you can try using chickpea flour or a combination of other gluten-free flour like sorghum flour or quinoa flour. Ensure that the substitute you choose works well in the recipe and maintains the desired texture and flavor.